Tag Archives: Coble Dairy

MarchCoverImage

When History Is Revived

By Stacy Hilton Vanzant

It’s not unusual for Focus Magazine to find local historical imagery connected to articles we cover in the magazine. More often than not those images are lacking names, locations, or other information that we can share with our readers. A few years ago we did an article on the Mills Home in Thomasville. Many of you may recall the article and the cover photo was of three young boys eating watermelon. At the time the article was published we didn’t know the context of the picture, who the children were, or even when the photo was captured. After a month or so of the magazine’s being available to our readers, we were able to identify the boys’ names and information about the photo from call-ins and letters. It was amazing to find the names of three orphan boys taken more than 30 years prior to being featured on a Focus magazine cover.

The most recent issue on Coble Dairy published in March 2017 proved to be no different. We found this lovely photo of a young girl picking up cartons of milk from a front porch. As an editor, the photo took my breath away when I found it in a stack of photos at Jerry Smith’s house and his Coble Dairy collection. When I saw the picture I knew it had to be our cover photo. Jerry had no information on the image. For that matter, he wasn’t even sure the photo was taken locally. I recall saying to Jerry, “Ya know, it wouldn’t be the first time that we’ve identified someone with the magazine. If this is a local photo, I can about bet that we will find out who it is.” Jerry looked at me with an inquisitive gaze and I reassured him again, “It is very possible.”

KathyMargieEverhartThree days after the magazine hit the streets of Davidson County and the cover image was uploaded on the Facebook page, we found her! Sure enough, local lifetime resident Kathy Everhart was the unknown little girl on the cover. Kathy’s daughter, Leigh Strickland, posted on our Facebook page that it was her mother. I was ecstatic! In three days we were able to identify the image and all the stories that go along with it. Once I connected with Kathy she was bursting at the seams with excitement. She could not believe that her picture was on the cover of our magazine. Not only was it her picture, but a photo of her that she didn’t have a copy of.

Kathy, an avid reader of Focus Magazine, picked up a copy a day or so before and put it in her car. “I always look for a copy and get one for myself and my mom, Margie Everhart,” recounted Kathy. “That day I just set it aside in the car and forgot about it. A day later I picked it up and yelled, ‘That’s me!’”

That’s right. In the early 1950s when Kathy was a little girl around the age of three, her mother was asked if some photos could be taken of Kathy for an advertisement brochure for Coble Dairy. Kathy’s mother, Margie, worked for Coble Dairy as a receptionist, and the higher ups at the company thought Kathy would be perfect for the shot.

“When I saw this photo I asked my Mom if she did my hair like that or did they pay someone,” said Kathy. “My mom kind of chuckled and said, ‘Oh, of course I did your hair like that.’”

Kathy’s father, who is currently in his early 90s, was at home the day she brought the photos to show her mom. “Daddy, do you see the little girl in this picture? Do you know her?” she said to him. “Why of course honey, that’s you!” he exclaimed. When we found the image in the stack of pictures it was black and white. With the help of our designer we added a little white washed color over the image to give the robe a little hue of pink and make the bear a slightly watered down brown. Funny enough, Kathy was excited to share that the robe she was wearing that day was a light shade of pink and that the bear was actually brown.

It has been a fun experience showing up in Focus Magazine according to Kathy. To her and her family it has brought back a many pleasant memories that they’ve been able to share. Since the article, Kathy and Jerry Smith have connected and now Kathy has copies of the cover image and another one taken that day to have for her own.

The Everharts weren’t the only images identified as a result of that issue. We have received additional information on a photo taken by H.L. Waters from the Davidson County Historical Museum of the boys milking cows. These boys were orphans from the Junior Order Home and they milked cows for Coble Dairy. They milked 25 cows per day, but based on the stories from those who identified the boys, they often drank more milk than what they took back to the dairy.

These are just many of the fun stories we can share that happen after Focus magazine goes to press. We hope you have enjoyed a follow-up to history!

Photo provided by the Davidson County Historical Museum H. Lee Waters Collection

More than Milk: The Legend of Coble Dairy

By Antionette Kerr

Photos provided by the Davidson County Historical Museum H. Lee Waters Collection

Businessman, farmer, and philanthropist George S. Coble’s dream to expand dairy farming in the Southeast came to fruition with a deal to purchase bankrupted Davidson County Creamery and Piedmont Dairy in 1934. By 1949, Lexington’s beloved dairyman was heralded as an innovative “Young Giant” by leaders across the state. At its peak, Coble’s dairy empire profoundly impacted industry naysayers by forming the largest farmers cooperative in the southeastern U.S.

In its glory years, Coble’s Dairy Products, Inc. operated seven dairy manufacturing plants, 11 dairy product distribution branches including Grade A liquid milk, dry milk, cheese, ice cream, and the Eskimo Pie franchise for the Carolinas. By 1950, Coble’s Dairy Products owned 21 receiving plants in Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia, and Pennsylvania, as well as the Tar Heel state. The plants employed roughly 1,200 people and processed the milk supply from approximately 10,000 farmers. Throughout this expansion, George kept the home office in Lexington and played a major role in civic and philanthropic endeavors with a legacy continuing long after Coble closed its doors in 1995.

Dairy Farming Was In His Blood

16586851_10104269023125258_897905332_oGeorge Coble came from a long line of Quaker farmers. While being interviewed for the August 29, 1942 edition of State Magazine, a weekly survey of North Carolina, Coble referred to himself as “just a country boy trying to make good.” The country boy was born on November 3, 1908 and grew up on a farm in Randolph County near what is now Guilford College. His parents were Samuel Eli and Georgiana Coble of Florida. The young family moved to North Carolina when George was five so his father could take a job at the agricultural county agency for Randolph County and maintain a farm of around 100 cattle. George tried his hand at a few different farming initiatives, including processing fertilizer, and worked many jobs around the farm after studying agriculture at what was at the time North Carolina State College in Raleigh, N.C. He received special training from a highly regarded professor, W. L. Clevenger, who was a nationally renowned dairyman in the Department of Animal Industry and a specialist for the Agricultural Extension Service.

George married Mae Coltrane, a local girl who grew up just down the street. The devoted Quakers met as young children and were wed at the Quakers Friends Church. They had three children, George Staley Coble, Jr. who died at birth, Edgar Coltrane Coble, and Georganne Coble Bingham.

After purchasing the Davidson dairy, the young couple built a beautiful home on the Maegeo (a name that combined Mae and George) Farm. It overlooks rolling hills where the Cobles raised hogs, poultry, and a herd of Holstein cattle. The 2,200-acre Maegeo farm’s dairy served as a model for all dairy farmers with the most modern equipment and practices.

Putting North Carolina on the Map for Dairy

Under Coble’s expert guidance, Coble’s Dairy experienced a fast and phenomenal growth and required George to extend outside of his Maegeo Farm. Thus, Coble began recruiting and training local small dairy farm producers across North Carolina. He was eager to prove that the Southeast was a prime area for dairy farming, even though large Midwestern farms were consistently pressuring farmers in order to control the market. When George founded Coble’s Dairy, North Carolina ranked 22nd in milk production and 25th in the number of cows. He brought in a cattle expert and fair judge, B.B. Brome, to negotiate the purchase of high quality Holstein, Guernsey, and Jersey dairy animals from Minnesota with the intent to breed and sell the cattle at cost to local farmers.

Photo provided by the Davidson County Historical Museum H. Lee Waters Collection
Photo provided by the Davidson County Historical Museum H. Lee Waters Collection

By 1940, Coble had set in place plant expansion outside of Davidson County, and the first milk receiving and processing plant was built for the sum of $250,000 in North Wilksboro in May of that same year. The plant was said to be one of the most modern of its time and included the first spray milk drying equipment in the state.

As regulations for Grade A milk were increasing, George believed that with the natural sectional dairying advantages, including a longer grazing season, the health of the livestock would benefit. He initially set his sights on expanding in N.C. and Virginia, believing these areas were well-suited to have much larger milk production. He helped to launch a new program (according to one company newsletter) that stated, in part “…many thousands of pounds of milk are annually shipped to our section from the northern dairy states to meet the demand for dairy products. If we save all dairy heifers and import fine milk-producing animals from the best dairy sections, the increased milk production will enable us to keep down the large amount of money paid for outside milk in our states. Orders for the heifers will be handled by county farm agents and Coble field men and we are confident that additional dairy cattle will bring prosperity to the people of both states.”

Growth in N.C. and Va. happened rapidly between 1934 and 1945. Production facilities sprang up in Wilkesboro in 1939, Walnut Cove and Lansing in 1940, Sugar Cove in 1941, Yanceyville in 1942, Ramseur and Guilford in 1943,  Lincolnton and Kannapolis in 1944, and Appomattox, Murphy, Franklin, and Rockingham 1945 in order to meet war demands and the demands of the Southeastern market.

In November of 1945, George wrote to farmers about the expansion through The Coble Echo. “Throughout all of it, we are insisting on QUALITY,” he said. “The number of patrons who supply us with milk has been practically doubled since some of you were here. Yet, we have kept our group of supervisory field men continuously built up – in order that this milk is produced under the best possible sanitary conditions.”

The War Years

During World War II, farmers were being asked to produce much more food with fewer workers and, in addition, they had to comply with a whole new set of regulations. At this time, Coble’s Dairy benefited from large government contracts that included providing dry and frozen milk to WWII soldiers and hospitals. Its innovative Pure-Pak machine had the capacity to produce 32,000 quarts of frozen milk. The federal and state governments also provided the dairy with poultry specialists to begin powdering eggs on behalf of the war effort.

Meanwhile, Coble solicited help from the federal government for labor to build large gabled barns, also known as “milking parlors.” On April 12, 1945, German prisoners who were being held at a camp in Winston-Salem were brought to Davidson County to help with the construction of two new calf barns and install facilities. Those milking parlors still stand in the Cow Palace area of Davidson County.

Photo provided by the Davidson County Historical Museum H. Lee Waters Collection
Photo provided by the Davidson County Historical Museum H. Lee Waters Collection

Finding labor was challenging during the war years as many young men were being drafted from Davidson County. While they were away from their families, the Coble’s Dairy family solicited prayers and published greetings from soldiers in its monthly newsletter “The Coble-Patron Cow Bell.” Coble also assured that when local men returned home from the war they would have employment. “We, at Coble’s Dairy Products, are pleased not only to report that the jobs more than 150 of you left when you joined the Armed Forces are still waiting for you, but also, that these jobs represent even a bigger and better opportunity for you in the days ahead,” Coble wrote.

Examples of how much this meant are scattered throughout Coble’s publications during the war years with correspondence from soldiers like PFC Joseph D. Waitman, who wrote back to the boys, “I received my Coble Echo and was very glad to get it. It means a lot to get news from the company and fellows I used to work with. I am still driving a truck, but tell the boys I would be glad to trade with any of them.”

From Coble’s Dairy to Coble Dairy

Photo provided by the Davidson County Historical Museum H. Lee Waters Collection
Photo provided by the Davidson County Historical Museum H. Lee Waters Collection

According to George Smith, dairy farmer and president of the Davidson County Farm Bureau, Coble was directly responsible for the sustainability of local farms. Smith, who currently owns a portion of the land that once belonged to Coble, said his father was a charter member of the cooperative of farmers who went from owning stock in the company to eventually buying out George Coble in the 1950s. Smith said Coble was “financially a little ahead of his time.” He helped farmers who couldn’t afford the capital expenses like steel storage containers required by new regulations for dairy farmers and “dealt with the mom-and-pop shops.” Coble had been warned by financial analysts not to sell too much stock to the farmers, but he ignored those warnings. The farmers eventually came together to buy out Coble, and they changed the name slightly from Coble’s Dairy to Coble Dairy, but continued producing milk under the Coble name until being bought out by a larger dairy in 1995.

Coble realized at the outset that quality herds were the foundation of a sound milk-handling industry and the company always worked to improve the size and quality of herds, as well as educate small-scale farmers to use the most modern and sanitary methods of production. Farmers in the cooperative were able to use the latest technology and inspections were made of all herds producing milk for the company’s processing plants. The company also encouraged farmers to increase their supply and improve their herds.

Jerry Smith, a former company controller, was the last one to lock the doors on the Lexington office before it was purchased by Mid-America Farms and Coble Dairy closed its operations on July 4, 1995. Seeing the cooperative finally sold to a Midwestern group was bittersweet. “They were a huge cooperative and were trying to control the milk supply so they could control the prices of milk across the US, but I don’t think they accomplished that,” said Smith.

The Legacy

George Coble passed away on August 9, 1976, but the legacy of the man behind the once-thriving empire continues. “He did a lot of things for Davidson County. He helped the dairy farmers’ transition from the old metal cans that stored Grade C milk and personally helped finance field men to assist them with Grade A production,” said Jerry Smith. “He converted a lot from cans into stainless steel tanks when the health department got involved. Helped small dairy farmers get into tanks. He helped people get barns, Sears and Roebuck milking parlors — got them financed.”

16523910_10104269023744018_1811479953_oGeorge Smith, whose father was one of the founding members of the farmer’s cooperative, is one of the surviving dairy farmers in Davidson County. Smith owns and farms a portion of what was once Coble land and recognizes what George Coble contributed to local famers now more than ever.

“The industry has completely changed. My dad started with five cows back in 1954. In order to support a family, if you don’t have a niche market like organic [or] cheese, if you are selling to the public, you have to milk more cows,” he said, noting that they now milk 500 cows three times per day, seven days a week. Smith also pointed to the capital investment and the competing interest for land. “Today, the capital investment is phenomenal. You have to have a large land base and enough room for proper waste disposal which is monitored closely.” He said it costs about $2 million to start a dairy farm today. “You can’t hardly do it. That’s why so many farms have gone.”

And while Coble Dairy has gone away, fruits of its founder’s civic and philanthropic endeavors remain. From what his granddaughter, Staley Nance, and her husband Jim call “sophisticated” fundraising his efforts for what would become Lexington Memorial Hospital during the war years, to helping build the Kiwanis Kiddie Camp, to using his appointment chairmanship on the N.C. Highway Commission to push for highways across the state and right here in Davidson County, Coble’s demand for health care access and economic improvement went well beyond the dairy.

His daughter, Georganne Coble Bingham, remained close to her father, even after he moved to Florida following the sale of Coble’s Dairy. She fondly recalls riding around with her father while visiting the famers and their families and remembers one of his favorite pastimes was having breakfast at other farmers’ houses.

“My father was a humanitarian and he did a lot of things for families that people didn’t know about,” she explained. “A lot of the men my father worked with have passed on, but I heard from one a few years back. Every year at Christmas my father gave silver dollars to each of the employees based on how many years they worked for him. He would also give them a lesson on savings. One of them contacted me to tell me how much they were worth today. He had saved them all of those years and planned to leave them to his children. My father would have loved that story,” said Bingham.

On more than one occasion the Randolph County farm boy George Coble was told his dreams were ahead of his time, and perhaps they were. But we can let his legendary innovation and the willingness to take a chance on Davidson County serve as an inspiration to us all.